The Compendium

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This Compendium of Scientific and Practical Findings Supporting Eco-Restoration to Address Global Warming (“The Compendium”) is a fully referenced compilation of the evidence outlining the power, benefits and necessity of eco-restoration to address global warming and biodiversity loss.  Bringing together findings from the scientific literature, government and industry reports, and journalistic investigations, it is a public, open-access document that is housed here on the website of Biodiversity for a Livable Climate.

Download the full PDF versions below, or search across all compendiums on our website.

If you wish to contribute to its development to send suggestions and article reviews to

The Compendium, brilliant and so helpful….Thank you.

Paul Hawken, Author

This is staggering. I’m especially grateful for the extremely clear summaries of the articles. You are democratizing hard science, bringing it within reach of us all without dumbing it down.

Robert Labaree, Professor Emeritus, New England Conservatory

Thanks for your tireless efforts Adam. So appreciative of this compendium.

David McConville, Former Board Co-Chair, Buckminster Fuller Institute


Compendium Volume 1 Number 1 July 2017

Covers a broad selection of eco-restoration articles, including soils, earthworms, water, wetlands, croplands, grasslands and forests. We also discuss how paradigms and peer review both advance and constrain the practice of science.

Compendium Volume 1 Number 2 March 2018

Focuses on biodiversity and why it’s so important, and regenerative agriculture as a critical path to global environmental health and stability.

Compendium Volume 2 Number 1 July 2018

Reviews the pivotal roles of water cycles and soil ecology in stabilizing ecosystems and the climate.

Compendium Volume 2 Number 2 January 2019 r.1

Visits several examples of restoration in action from around the world, and reviews papers on floodplains, wetlands; discusses partnering with beavers; and considers how regenerative land management addresses heatwaves, droughts, floods and fires.  Special guest article on the Fourth Phase of Water by Gerald Pollack.

Compendium Volume 3 Number 1 July 2019

Discusses forest dynamics and ecological intensification in regulating ecosystems, managing ecosystem services, and enriching biodiversity. Offers several examples of eco-restoration work, “Blessed Unrest,” by individuals and organizations around the world.

Compendium Volume 3 Number 2 January 2020

Visits adaptation and urban resilience, the phenomenon of Heat Planet, more on land management and conservation, and a continuation of explorations in “Blessed Unrest,” where people around the world, in powerful local ways, are regenerating a healthy biosphere.

Compendium Volume 4 Number 1 July 2020

In-depth review of zoonotic diseases such as the coronavirus as a consequence of biodiversity loss and ecosystem destruction, a section further exploring approaches to eco-restoration, and more examples of “Blessed Unrest.”

Compendium Volume 4 Number 2 January 2021

Explores the causes of wildfires and some technical and policy approaches to their management. Investigates ecological corridors and connectivity. Describes the importance of connected landscapes in conservation efforts to support biodiversity and offers examples of such ecological networks from around the world.

Compendium Volume 5 Number 1 July 2021

Review of the literature on the varied important ecological roles of native plants, as well as discussions of symbiosis, biophilia, and an Okanagan worldview of society.

Compendium Volume 5 Number 2 January 2022

Review of the relationship between vegetation and temperature, and the ecological role of animals.

Compendium Volume 6 Number 1 July 2022

Review of grassland ecosystems and of culture and its role in shaping human relationships to nature.